Company registration in the Netherlands
The Netherlands are known for their economically, politically and legally stable system and its regulation. Safe conditions, tax relief on basis of signed contracts and agreements on avoidance of double taxation as well as reputation among international entrepreneurs play a very important role in setting up a business.
The most popular types of business enterprises in the Netherlands are:
- Eenmanszaak – individual merchant /sole proprietorship;
- Besloten vennootschap – private limited liability company;
- Naamloze vennootschap – public limited liability company;
- Stichting – foundation.
- Vennootschap Onder Firma (VOF) – partnrship with unlimited liability;
- Commanditaire Vennootschap (CV) – partnership with limited liability;
- Maatschap – professional partnership.
Private limited liability company
Public limited liability company
|Register of shareholders||–||+||+|
|Minimal issued capital||–||0,01 EUR||45.000 EUR|
|Liability||Private for 100%||The company||The company|
|Registration time||1 week, after submittion of documents||1-2 week, after submittion of documents||1-2 week, after submittion of documents|
|Register office / business legal address||Mandatory||Mandatory||Mandatory|
The most common structure of the enterprise is holding (“holding“ means ownership). It is a system of commercial organizations which includes large management company and small subsidiaries. Dutch holding company can be used to bring together various activities, such as collection of dividends, interests and royalties received from subsidiaries, at which time there is a possibility to avoid taxes on profits. More information on holding company and trust services for holding company you can find here.
The general rule is that dividends are taxed at a rate of 15%, but on grounds of double taxation avoidance agreements (DTT), profit received from subsidiaries, is exempt from tax. For more information about holding in the Netherlands, the list of countries that have double taxation avoidance agreements with the Netherlands can be found here.
No doubt that each type of business enterprise has its own advantages. If you are willing to set up a company, each type should be considered in accordance with the individual situation and abilities.
JuridConsult consults clients about possible options for starting a business, the most suitable form of the enterprise based on your individual situation, your capabilities and preferences, and provides legal accompaniment during the company registration.
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